The popularity of the cotton club also coincided with the harlem renaissance, an african-american cultural and artistic movement during the 1920s the harlem renaissance was brought about by the large numbers of african-americans who were migrating away from the south to northern cities such as new york, washington, dc, and chicago. By 1958, the cotton club was a boarded up building and urban renewal would take precedent for the arrival of the bethune tower superblock (minisink) which would eventually spell the demise of harlem’s most famous jazz nightclub. To play at harlem’s famous cotton club alongside black show business legends such as the jazz pianist, bandleader, and composer duke ellington, the singer ethel waters, the bandleader and singer cab calloway, and the tap dancer bill robinson the youngsters were an instant sensation.
During the harlem renaissance, the happening place to be was the cotton club, located in the heart of harlem unless you were black this is my final spotlight presentation for engl 345. The hey day was enjoyed well into the 20’s and 30’s until race riots of 1936 the club shut its doors but soon opened on broadway in midtown by then the times did indeed change and the club could not keep its momentum the cotton club of the harlem renaissance closed for good in 1940. The show was produced by clarence robinson and garnered great attention and acclaim and helped establish the recently opened apollo as harlem's premier theatre the cotton club parade, 1934 on 23 march 1934, hall opened at harlem's cotton club in the cotton club parade 24th edition it was the largest grossing show ever staged there.
Francis ford coppola's 1984 film the cotton club offers a history of the club in the context of race relations in the 1930s and the conflicts between madden, dutch schultz, vincent mad dog coll, lucky luciano, and ellsworth bumpy johnson. The original cotton club, was at 644 lenox avenue, in new york (at west 142nd street and lenox ave) former heavyweight boxing champion jack johnson first opened the club in 1920 as the club deluxe then, owney madden took it over, and in 1922 changed it's name to the cotton club the club's. The club kept up its exclusionary practices for seventeen years race riots caused the club’s harlem location to close in 1936, but a new cotton club was opened quickly enough at broadway and 48th street.
During the waning years of the harlem renaissance cotton club, ella fitzgerald ascended the stage at the tender age of 17, after she'd been discovered at a talent show in harlem's apollo theater despite the racial barriers that it promoted, the harlem renaissance cotton club is one of the great nightclubs in history. After the 1935 race riots in harlem, the area was considered unsafe for whites (who formed the segregated cotton club's clientele and the club was forced to close (february 16, 1936.
The entertainers who played at the cotton club were some of the most widely known blues and jazz performers of their time including ethel waters, cab calloway, ellington and many others the race riots of harlem in 1935 forced the cotton club to close until late 1936 when it reopened at broadway and 48th st.
The cotton club’s best years were from 1922 to 1935 following the harlem riots of 1935, the establishment moved to west 48th street, but the club never regained its earlier success and was closed in 1940.
If you were around in new york city's harlem neighborhood in the 1920s, the hot-spot was the cotton club history of the cotton club in 1920, jack johnson , the first african-american heavyweight boxing champion, opened the club deluxe on 142nd street and lenox avenue in the center of harlem.