Federal laws mandate the testing of pharmaceuticals and other chemicals to assess safety and efficacy both the environmental protection agency and the food and drug administration require massive amounts of animal testing for the marketing of industrial chemicals, vaccines and drugs. The ethics of research involving animals chapter 8 the use of animals for research in the pharmaceutical industry the use of animals for research in the pharmaceutical industry introduction 81 the pharmaceutical industry conducts or supports approximately one third of the animal research that is undertaken in the uk.
Thus, animal testing in drug industry must be stopped in addition to physical pain suffered by animals during drug testing, the animals also experience mental pain. Moreover, in all cases where animal testing is used, fda advocates that research and testing derive the maximum amount of useful scientific information from the minimum number of animals and. An overview of fda policy related to animal testing of cosmetic products and ingredients drug, and cosmetic and policies governing animal testing, including the animal welfare act and the.
The case of animal testing: one of the norms in the cosmetics and pharmaceutical industries is the use of animal testing the argument being we use animals to understand the effects of these products on human beings which will ultimately benefit people. Us food and drug administration (fda) the us food and drug administration (fda) is responsible for ensuring the safety, effectiveness, and quality of pharmaceuticals, biologicals, and medical devices intended for human use as well as the safety of food, cosmetics, and radiation-emitting products.
In the mid 1800s, animal testing was introduced to drug industry by edward jenner (trueman, 2002) his brilliant discovery in developing smallpox vaccine by using animals helped a lot of people and gave hope to the medical field that incurable diseases were not incurable anymore. The ethics of research involving animals chapter 8 or vaccines, improved diagnosis or better methods of toxicity testing since the process of the use of animals for research in the pharmaceutical industry use of animals use of animals the ethics of research involving animals.
Animals are sometimes used in the testing of drugs, vaccines and other biologics, and medical devices, mainly to determine the safety of the medical product for drugs and biologics, the focus of animal testing is on the drug’s nature, chemistry, and effects (pharmacology) and on its potential damage to the body (toxicology. The testing of just one substance alone, be it a potential drug or toxic chemical, can involve using up to 800 animals and cost over $6 million  although seldom mentioned, essentially all of the in vivo animal safety and toxicity tests in use today were never validated and would be unlikely to meet current validation requirements. The marketing of drugs and other pharmaceutical products in the us is controlled by the federal food, drug, and cosmetic act (ffdca), which empowers the fda’s center for drug evaluation and research to require extensive toxicity testing on animals before a new drug is deemed “safe” for marketing.
Toxicology testing, also known as safety testing, is conducted by pharmaceutical companies testing drugs, or by contract animal testing facilities, such as huntingdon life sciences, on behalf of a wide variety of customers. Experimental research with animals is usually conducted in universities, medical schools, pharmaceutical companies, defense establishments and commercial facilities that provide animal-testing services to industry the focus of animal testing varies on a continuum from pure research, focusing on developing fundamental knowledge of an organism, to applied research, which may focus on answering some question of great practical importance, such as finding a cure for a disease.
Thus, animal testing in drug industry must be stopped in addition to physical pain suffered by animals during drug testing, the animals also experience mental pain according to singer, three separate british government committees have agreed that animals are not only capable of feeling physical pain, but also mental pain, such as fear. The animal testing and experimentation industry the issue animal experimentation is more expansive, pervasive, secretive and profitable than most people would imagine it is an international, government-sanctioned and -funded, multi-billion dollar business. Animal testing in drug industry: is it appropriate or not millions of people were killed by incurable diseases, such as smallpox, rabies, et cetera before the 18th century due to lack of knowledge in developing drugs and vaccine at that time.